Diva Tastine: Beans N Greens….

Beans N Greens Meal or Side
Greens with Cannellini Beans and Pancetta
Ingredients
  • 6 Slices Pancetta Or Bacon, Chopped
  • 2 Tablespoons Olive Oil
  • 1 Bunch Green Onions, Chopped
  • 3 Cloves Garlic, Minced
  • 1 Bunch Kale, Roughly Chopped
  • 1 Bunch Beet Greens, Roughly Chopped
  • 1 Bunch of Kudzu Leaf (when available) Chopped
  • Sea Salt To Taste
  • 2 (15 Ounce) Can Cannellini Beans
Directions
Microwave the chopped pancetta or bacon on high for 3 minutes. Drain the drippings, and set the crispy pancetta aside.
In a large dutch oven, heat the olive oil and pancetta drippings over medium heat. Cook onion in oil until soft. Add the minced garlic cloves, and cook a minute more. Stir in chopped greens, and season with salt to taste (you can always add more). Note: if using Kudzu soak in vinegar water in a colander for about 10 minutes and drain.
Partially cover the pan, and cook until the greens begin to wilt, add cannelloni beans and fold into greens. Cook partially covered for 10 more minutes, until the flavors have combined and the greens are tender. Stir in crispy pancetta. Serve with Cornbread or Polenta and beverage.

Diva Rambling: The Wolf You Feed; Tips to Feed the Good Wolf Part 1…

The Wolf You Feed Tips to Feed the Good Wolf Help Part 1
I once heard on a TV show the legend of the elders tell about the battle of two wolves. One is evil and the other is good. He explains that the same fight is going on within everyone. Of course the young ones asked which wolf will win? “The elder response, “the one you feed.” This is the daily struggle with depression. There is the Wolf of panic and sadness, grief and the Wolf of healing and uplifting. Here some things you might want to remember. To feed the good Wolf!
Every person has her/his secret sorrows which the world knows not; and often times we call a man called when he’s only sad.” Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Let depression be your guide, not your downfall. We all wish for more joyful times right now. But I remind myself that I am grateful for what I have learned along the way. I hope I have become a more compassionate person. Shall we chat about some things that we have all learned over time?
You Are What You Eat:
We are probably all sick of hearing this quote, but it is so true. On my blog, every day, I put a new recipe from my archive. By the end of typing a few of those recipes I’m so hungry I could eat the refrigerator. But I remind myself that the law of the universe dictates that for a healthy body I need to consume the correct amount of vegetables, protein, complex carbohydrates, and omega-3 acids. And I try to choose wisely that day.  I’m a foodie so that usually difficult. I know for a fact, from my personal experience, that what I eat definitely affects my mood for the day.
Truth: are used to tell the teams that I worked with when I hired them that I would see that they had the best resume they could hope for if they decided to leave my team and employment.  I would tell them to take with a learn from every job, manager, and coworker, that they had and homogenize it into a personal truth that help make them the best they could be.  So listen to the Doobies and don’t bees and homogenize what’s best for your personal truth in all situations.  Your path to healing and being your personal best is your choice.
STRESS: First of all I don’t think you have to gain much in chronological it years to know that chronic stress makes life worse. Allowing chronic stress in our lives without taking note can definitely worse than our emotional resilience as well as physical. Stress, specifically chronic stress, can cause disease.
The Primal Brain:
Our primal brains… And we all have one… Means that we hear things different from what may actually have been said. Our brains have a negative funnel that drains our thoughts into a pool of negative bias. Once we learn to pay attention to our personal, specific filters, we can become more objective and reach a happier truth.
Success Is An Uneven Progress:
Much research and hundreds of books have been written on the worlds most successful people. They all report one consistent fact. They tell us that the journey to the top of the mountain was filled with hurdles, fails, falls and usually a lot of embarrassment. One thing they all say attributed to their success, generally speaking, was perseverance, persistence, and positive thinking. To paraphrase a quote often cited by Thomas Edison to a young reporter… “Young man, I did not fail over 1700 times to create electricity… I succeeded in finding 1700 ways not to produce electricity. “. When the world gives you lemons… Make lemonade… Or something else delicious you can use.
People Who Need People…
I once read if we don’t get 10 hugs a day that will die 10 years younger. If that’s the case I should’ve been dead 20 years ago. However, I truly believe in hugging and being with people. Right now during this pandemic we can’t do that as much. But we can still reach out,. Right now I am homeschooling my grandchildren who are five and seven and 10 hours away. We get on FaceTime, we watch videos together on our iPads, we laugh, and mom and dad participate in the background. It really, really makes a difference. Find a way, it can be done in This modern world of technology. 
When I was younger I would hear older people tell me that “if you play you must pay! “. As my Jewish friends would say that’s a bunch of Fakakta. Hard work is just as important as meaningful play. From all that I read there’s clinical evidence to prove that meaningful play helps us in the face of stress and keeps us from losing the capacity to heal. Humor is the best medicine in my opinion. 

Diva Rambling: Lamb..do it Right….

I love lamb when it is broiled just right and not gamey..here are some tips I found to help do it right. Namaste, The Queen Cronista…
Easter is coming…a few holiday tips for those who do traditional lamb for the day….
How to Roast Lamb That’s Tender and Juicy Every Time
Choosing the Right Cuts
The leg and rack are the most tender cuts of meat on a lamb, and are at their best when roasted. Roasting is a “dry heat” cooking method, meaning that you do not add any liquid to the meat as you cook it.
Tougher cuts of lamb, such as shank and shoulder, are best for braising and stewing
Leg of Lamb
You can purchase leg of lamb bone-in or boneless. A whole leg of lamb often includes the shank portion, but since the shank does not take well to the dry heat of roasting, it’s best to buy the leg without the shank. You can also buy a half leg of lamb; the butt-end of the leg will be the meatiest and most tender. Have the butcher bone and butterfly it.
Rack of Lamb
Rack of lamb is the cut with the rib bones or chops.  This succulent roast is often served “Frenched,” with the fat and meat trimmed from between the ribs and the bones scraped clean and protruding outward. Your butcher should be able to prep the roast for you; remember to ask for the meat trimmings if you want to make soup later on. When two or more racks of lamb are tied together to form a circular roast, it’s called a crown roast.
Seasoning the Meat
Lamb is flavorful enough on its own that it doesn’t need much seasoning, yet robust enough that it pairs beautifully with any number of boldly flavored seasonings, like rosemary, oregano, marjoram, thyme, lemon zest, cumin, coriander, mint, and garlic. I prefer the Greek or Moroccan Spices.
How to season lamb:
  • Trim some of the excess fat and any silver skin;
  • 16 Oz Container of Greek Yogurt Combine with…(Removes Any Gamey Taste)
  • Chopped herbs/seasonings and Combine the mixture evenly over the surface of the meat;
  • Wrap the coated meat tightly in plastic wrap and refrigerate overnight for the best flavor.
  • Remove the plastic wrap and wipe the surface of the yogurt marinade. Let sit to room temperature.
Another popular way to season a roast is to make small incisions in the surface of the meat and push slivers of garlic and sprigs of herbs into the slits. You can do this right before you begin roasting or a day ahead for more intense flavor. However, I recommend you use the yogurt marinade on all of them for best flavors.
When you’re seasoning the lamb, don’t salt it until just before cooking; salt can draw moisture out of the meat. I like to rack of lamb with a slightly sweet vinaigrette or tatziki sauce.
Roasting Lamb: Temperatures and Times
Before roasting lamb, remove it from the refrigerator and allow it to sit at room temperature for at least 30 minutes. A piece of meat at room temperature will roast more evenly.
Use a roasting rack to ensure even browning and heat circulation around the meat.
How to determine the ideal roasting temperature and time for lamb. The amount of fat that your lamb has on the outside and marbled through the middle will determine the cooking time and temperature:
  • Roast leaner cuts in a hotter oven: A hot oven gets leaner cuts of meat nicely browned on the outside before they become overcooked and dry in the middle. For a lean piece of meat, cook at 450 degrees F (230 degrees C) for the first 15 minutes, then turn the temperature down to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C) to continue roasting — the meat will take about 25 minutes per pound to reach medium rare.
  • Roast fattier pieces of lamb longer and at lower temps: For a fattier piece of meat, roast at 325 degrees F (160 degrees C) for a longer period of time, allowing the fat to slowly melt and bathe the roast in its own juices. Meat cooked with this method will take about 30 minutes per pound to reach medium rare.
The most accurate way to determine doneness is with a meat thermometer:
  • 110 degrees F (42 degrees C) is rare
  • 120 degrees F (58 degrees C) is medium-rare
  • 145 degrees F (68 degrees C) is medium-well
The USDA recommends cooking roasts to 145 degrees F. Avoid cooking your lamb beyond this temperature as the meat can become dried out and tough.
Rest Your Roast
Once your roast is within 10 degrees F (5 degrees C) of its ideal cooked temperature, remove from the oven, place a foil tent loosely over it, and let rest for 15-20 minutes. As the meat rests, the internal temperature will increase by several degrees, the muscle fibers will relax, and the juice that has come to the surface of the meat during cooking will begin to return to the center. A well-rested piece of meat will be more tender and retain its juices better when you slice it.

Diva Pondering: 2020 MERCURY RETROGRADE…

2020 MERCURY RETROGRADE 

People laugh at me when I talk about the “crape’diem” or Mercury Retrograde or as military personnel call it Retrograde Mercury. Ask a WWI Pilot what they think of it …You’ll be surprised. I’ve talked about it before. Here is a good article I found as a reminder. Namaste, The Queen Cronista….

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Fog alert! The first Mercury retrograde of 2020 is here. This signal-jamming transit adds an extra dollop of disarray to our daily routines and affairs. Find out how to stay afloat while Mercury is in reverse!

by The AstroTwins
Mercury is retrograde from February 16 to March 9 is the first Mercury retrograde of 2020 (there are three!). The backstroke begins in watery Pisces, then, on March 4, Mercury retrogrades back through intellectual Aquarius for five days.
What is Mercury retrograde?
Three or four times a year, Mercury passes the earth in its orbit. As it rounds the bend, Mercury slows down and appears to stop (station) and spin backward (retrograde). Of course, it really ISN’T moving backward, but much like two trains or cars passing each other, this creates the optical illusion that one (Mercury, in this case) is going backward.
Mercury rules technology, travel and communication, so during Mercury retrograde, all of these things can go haywire. Any time the messenger planet shifts into reverse, our thinking can get muddled, communication can go sideways, and scheduling will require extreme flexibility—and patience! (See also Mercury Retrograde: How to Survive A Three-Week Communication Crisis)
This is the first Mercury retrograde of 2020, the others will be June 18 to July 12 in Cancer and October 13 to November 3 in Scorpio.
What you can expect during the first Mercury retrograde of 2020
While Mercury backs up through Pisces from February 16 to March 4, the sign of hidden agendas, illusions and the imagination, it’s going to be hard to pinpoint what’s true or real. During this time, take nothing at face value. You also can’t rely on people to be upfront with their intentions. Accept the fact that it’s going to take until mid-March to get a straight answer out of anyone.
If you considered turning up the heat or delivering an ultimatum, we recommend a different strategy. Pressuring people might get you a very loud, “Leave me alone!” or a yes that turns into an “Oops didn’t mean to say that” three weeks from now. Also, you might think you’re saying it with poetry, but other people just feel pressured. Don’t try to manipulate people with sweet talk or a sweeter deal than you can actually deliver on.
When Mercury retrograde rounds out its reign of extraterrestrial terror in Aquarius from March 4 to 9, protect your tech! Okay, maybe it won’t be THAT bad, but given that Aquarius is the natural ruler of the Internet and all of our electrical and wired-up devices, you can’t be too careful. Switch to the strongest possible passwords and maybe turn off your Bluetooth when you’re in a busy public place. Put a lid on any drinks if you’re sipping near your laptop.
This final portion of the first retrograde of 2020 can cause team dynamics to go off the rails. If you have to make a group decision, coming to consensus could be as easy as herding cats. If possible, postpone any hiveminds and masterminds until after March 9. And if that’s not possible, bring a good old-fashioned talking stick to the meeting and set firm ground rules. All feedback must be constructive—and no one’s allowed to use the talking stick as a weapon!
Here’s how your zodiac sign can cope in the potential crosshairs of the first Mercury retrograde of 2020:
Aries
Truth is stranger than fiction…or is it? With Mercury retrograde in your twelfth house of illusions, you may need to battle some rumors. Don’t believe everything you hear, Aries. It’s an excellent time to dust off an abandoned a creative project, especially one that summons the nostalgia of an earlier era or bygone time of your life. Reunite with old collaborators from March 4 to 9.
Taurus
Protect your tech while Mercury backs through the digital domain of your chart until March 4, Taurus. With the messenger planet rogue in your friendship zone eleventh house, you could reunite with old crew members or navigate team tension. Career curveballs may come from March 4 to 9, so prepare for interruptions by having a smart backup plan and all your materials organized.
Gemini
Career and long-term goals could get delayed or derailed with Mercury in your ambitious tenth house until March 4. Step away from frustrating work and clear your head, Gemini. Break big jobs down into manageable tasks or ask for a deadline extension. Your father or an important guy could be the source of some friction now. From March 4 to 9, choose every word wisely because your well-meaning advice could wound a tender soul. Travel plans may be delayed or need adjustment.
Cancer
It’s not often that we have to discourage Cancers from taking risks, but with Mercury rogue in your expansive ninth house until March 4, your timing could be off. Emerge from that shell a claw at a time. Save your outspoken remarks and shocking debuts for next month, along with any overly complicated travel plans. In the early part of the retrograde, you’ll want freedom, but watch your jealous streak from March 4 to 9! Try not to push a good one away in February just because you want your space.
Leo
Mercury is retrograde in your intimate eighth house of merging and money until March 4, Leo, making it hard to join forces for both business and pleasure. Tread carefully with your trust and use this time to process any intense emotions you’ve swept aside. Take special care with legal and financial documents, giving them an extra look—or hiring a pro to assess. An ex or old flame could return from March 4 to 9, begging for a do-over or to “work on building a friendship.” It’s worth exploring if there’s still some magic there but proceed with extreme caution. If you know they’ll disrupt your ability to move on, keep the door closed.
Virgo
Assess your partnerships—are they balanced and harmonious, Virgo? Mercury retrograde in your seventh house relationship zone could bring back an ex or reignite an old resentment between February 16 and March 4. Talk it out diplomatically and directly, avoiding the Piscean obscurity at all costs. Review contracts with an extra-keen eye, since vital details could be missed. Still hanging out with that energy vampire? Quit asking yourself why; just invest in other, more rewarding relationships instead. From March 4 to 9, focus on self-care and wellness but avoiddiagnosing with Dr. Google! Book check-ups and procedures for after March 10.
Libra
Order in the Libra court! Mindful Mercury’s mayhem happens in your sixth house of health and wellness through March 4, ramping up stress and making it hard to stay on top of the details. Your self-care schedules could get thrown off and you may find it hard to juggle everything. Slow down, prioritize and ask for help—from the right people, since even your normally rock-solid supporters might not be available. If you can avoid any medical procedures before March 10, do, otherwise,walk in fully informed. Romance could hit a rocky point from March 4 to 9 but keep calm and don’t say things you’ll regret!
Scorpio
Drama alert! Mercury retrograde in your expressive fifth house could bring back a dramatic ex or just make you a little “extra”—without the comedic timing that would make that amusing. Deep breaths, Scorpio, and ignore those button-pushing texts when you’re tempted to take the bait. Pour your passion into a creative project that got sidelined. Just say no to that style overhaul…but “yes” to clothing swaps, vintage remixes and giving your closet a good edit. You could revive a flatlining relationship, but that may require some negotiations around privacy and personal space from March 4 to 9.
Sagittarius
Home and family can be a source of chaos is Mercury disrupts your domestic sector/fourth house. Mothers, children and female relatives work your nerves especially, Sagittarius, and your emotions are pretty prickly with normally-sensible Mercury making you moody and thin-skinned. Ramp up the self-care and use this period for some nostalgic trips down Memory Lane…or a home decor overhaul. Finish any household projects up or do a deep declutter that would make Marie Kondo proud. Reunite with pals from your past and work on half-finished writing projects from March 4 to 9.
Capricorn
Choose your words with care, Capricorn. You’ve got a double dose of retro since Mercury is askew in your third house of communication and information until March 4. Honest conversations, especially with siblings, friends and neighbors, can help clear the air. But you’ll need to be majorly diplomatic to pull that off, stepping into the other person’s shoes and mirroring back whatever they say with “active listening.” Even still…facts get obscured, messages get mixed and signals jammed. Triple-check reservations, as you’re likely to double-book or get the time wrong. It’s a not-so-funny comedy of errors trying to keep your plans straight. Stick to a strict budget from March 4 to 9.
Aquarius
Money could slip through your fingers with Mercury off-kilter in your finance and work second house. Colleagues and clients could get under your skin, Aquarius, and office electronics could break down without notice. Take stock of your spending and other habits and look where you can make impactful improvements. Ditto for your budget. Use this retrograde to self-audit and self-edit—then make a plan for strengthening the weak spots. When Mercury retrogrades back into your sign from March 4 to 9, you could revive an old passion. Keep it to yourself initially because we guarantee: People will NOT understand.

Pisces
Cancel the PR tour: With Mercury retrograde in YOUR sign until March 4, the less you say, the better, Pisces. Curb the over-sharing and think before you hit “post” or “publish” or “send” on anything. Better to use this period to refine your ideas before you unleash them on your public. Avoid any dramatic changes to your appearance. Just say no to the pixie cut or body sculpting treatment while Mercury’s awry in your first house of image. Need to make amends or drop a grudge? March 4 to 9 could bring a round of deep healing. But keep some boundaries in place, especially when it comes to your personal time and space.
Were you born during Mercury retrograde? Find out!
Use our handy calculator to discover if Mercury is retrograde or direct in your birth chart.
To learn more about how to handle the first Mercury retrograde of 2020, see Mercury Retrograde’s Shadow Phase: Decode the ‘Retroshade’
https://astrostyle.com/first-mercury-retrograde-of-2020/

Diva Pondering: More Koo-Koo for Kudzu…

Kudzu Root (Puerario montana)
Kudzu Root
Kudzu Root
written by Katolen Yardley, MNIMH – Medical Herbalist
The Kudzu (or Kuzu) plant is a climbing, woody vine which belongs to the pea family (or the legume family). For more than 2000 years in Chinese medicine, the chopped kudzu root has been used as herbal medicine for the treatment of headaches, diarrhea, dysentery, intestinal obstruction, stomach flu, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases; it is used as a digestive aid, fever reducer, and is thought to inhibit alcohol cravings and lower blood sugar.
In traditional Chinese medicine, where it is known as gat-gun, ge gan, kudzu root is considered one of the 50 fundamental herbs. TCM uses kudzu in treating the symptoms of high blood pressure such as headache and dizziness (although kudzu has little or no effect on blood pressure itself). It has been used traditionally for tinnitus, vertigo and Wei syndrome (superficial heat close to the surface). It has shown value for helping migraines and cluster headaches and can increase circulation, an action that tends to reduce muscle pain and stiffness, and increases blood flow through the coronary arteries.
Studies have shown that Kudzu can reduce alcohol cravings. For problem drinking: In clinical studies, Kudzu has shown some promising results in reducing the desire for alcohol and decrease the amount of alcohol consumed. A person who takes Kudzu, will still drink alcohol, but will consume less than if they had not taken Kudzu. The mechanism for this is not yet established, but it may have to do with both alcohol metabolism and the reward circuits in the brain. The Harvard Medical School is studying Kudzu as a possible way to treat alcoholic cravings. While Kudzu Root seems to lessen the desire for alcohol, it also stimulates regeneration of liver tissue while protecting against liver toxins.
Kudzu is also taken internally on a regular basis to prevent recurrences of colds sores, shingles, and herpes. The root is prepared as a decoction/ boiled tea for reducing an elevated fever, muscle aches, and symptoms of a cold or flu and can sooth inflamed mucous membranes of the throat and bronchial passages.
Animal and cellular studies have provided support for the traditional uses of kudzu root on cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and endocrine systems, including angina pectoris, blood sugar balancing effects for diabetes and their long term complications.
Medicinal Food The nutritive starchy root of kudzu is high in complex carbohydrates, helps balance the acidic nature of many foods, and is soothing and cooling the digestive tract. Powdered kudzu root is very “starchy” -similar to arrowroot powder, and is used to thicken sauces, especially in Asian cooking. Simply mix the powder of kudzu in a little cold liquid to dissolve and use as a substitute for cornstarch or arrowroot.
Traditional therapeutic actions: Antispasmodic, anti-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-cancer, antiviral, diaphoretic, muscle relaxant, cold and flu treatment, vasodilator, antihypertensive, antioxidant, liver protective, circulatory support, raynauds. Used to counteract abuse of drug and alcohol; helping to reduce alcohol cravings.
Nutrients: Calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, vitamin B2.
Kudzu root is a very safe herb, with no known drug interactions and is most effective when used in its natural state, as prepared as a decocted tea. The recommended dose of Kudzu root tea ranges from 9 to 15 g daily. To order chopped Kudzu Root click here:
This entry was posted in Cleansing & DetoxificationHerbal RecipesHerbsImmune SystemTeas and TeasansTreatments and tagged herbal medicinekudzu rootPuerario montana on March 1, 2013.

Diva Rambling: KUDZU RESEARCH INFO..

I live in the south where Kudzu is everywhere.  I’ve owned a Chinese book of Kudzu for 30 years and yet I’ve never explored the wonders is gives for food, weaving baskets, making soap, paper, tea,  many medicinal uses and soil erosion preventative. Yet, in this country is goes unused.  I, personally, want to start a Kudzu plantation for a product that virtually can’t be destroyed.  A Kudzu Boutique of extraordinary gifts and medicinal. I’m Koo-Koo for Kudzu.  This article shows the famous Sloan Kettering Cancer Center looking into it as well.  Heavy reading but worthwhile. Namaste, The Queen Cronista…

SLOAN KETTERING CANCER CENTER…. KUDZU RESEARCH INFO

For Patients & Caregivers

How It Works

Although kudzu is used in traditional medicine, the evidence on whether it has benefit for any condition is unclear.

Kudzu is an herb used in Chinese medicine to treat alcoholism, heart disease, menopausal symptoms, diabetes, fever, the common cold, and neck or eye pain. It is sometimes used in combination with other herbs. Lab studies suggest that kudzu has anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. Compounds called isoflavones are thought to be responsible for its potential effects.

Studies of kudzu in humans are limited and have mostly focused on whether it can reduce alcohol intake or menopausal symptoms. However, all of these studies enrolled small numbers of patients, and systematic reviews have determined that the evidence of benefit for any condition is unclear.

Because animal and human studies suggest some estrogenic effects, individuals with hormone-sensitive cancers and those taking tamoxifen should avoid kudzu.

Purported Uses

  • Menopausal symptoms
    Small clinical studies suggest that kudzu is a phytoestrogen that may help reduce menopausal symptoms, but a systematic review did not find benefit.
  • Alcohol abuse
    Kudzu may reduce alcohol intake and withdrawal, but these studies enrolled only a small number of patients, and a systematic review did not find benefit.
  • Diabetes
    Kudzu is used in traditional medicine to treat diabetes, but evidence is lacking.
  • Fever or common cold
    Kudzu is used in traditional medicine for these purposes, but human studies are lacking.
  • Neck or eye pain
    Kudzu is used in traditional medicine for these purposes. Although animal studies suggest kudzu may reduce inflammation and pain in combination with other herbs, human studies are lacking.

Do Not Take If

  • You have hypersensitivity to kudzu.
  • You have hormone-sensitive cancer: Kudzu has estrogenic activity.
  • You are taking tamoxifen: Isoflavones in kudzu may interfere with the effects of tamoxifen which is used for estrogen-dependent breast cancer.
  • You are taking methotrexate: In animal studies, taking kudzu at the same time reduced elimination of the drug methotrexate, causing increased levels of the drug. Clinical relevance has yet to be determined.
  • You are taking antidiabetic medication: Animal studies suggest a key component in kudzu may increase the activity of these medications. Clinical relevance has yet to be determined.

Side Effects

Short-term effects on blood and liver tests occurred in a small study of postmenopausal women. A few other small studies reported no significant side effects.

Case reports

Kidney problems: In a middle-aged woman who consumed kudzu root juice to promote health and well-being for 10 days, and without evidence of any other causes. Symptoms of appetite loss, nausea, vomiting, and upper abdomen discomfort improved within several days after juice discontinuation and treatment.

Liver injury: In a 55-year-old man previously in good health who was hospitalized with mild fever, brown urine, and elevated liver enzymes. Mistletoe and kudzu extracts which he took to promote general health were suspected, although it is uncertain whether either, both, or an interaction between the two caused these adverse effects.

Back to top 

For Healthcare Professionals

Scientific Name

Pueraria mirifica, Pueraria thunbergiana, Pueraria lobata, Pueraria montana, Radix puerariae

Clinical Summary

Kudzu is a botanical used in traditional medicine to treat alcoholism, cardiovascular disease, menopausal symptoms, diabetes, fever, the common cold, and neck or eye pain. There are several species of kudzu and both the flowers and root extract are used for their medicinal properties. Isoflavones, the major components of kudzu, are thought to be responsible for its potential effects.

In vitro, kudzu has demonstrated antiproliferative (1), anti-inflammatory (3), and neuroprotective (16) (18) properties. In animal studies, feeding with kudzu root suppressed alcohol intake and withdrawal symptoms (4).

Studies of kudzu in humans are limited and have mostly focused on its effects on alcohol consumption or climacteric symptoms. In heavy drinkers, data suggest kudzu may be a useful adjunct to reduce alcohol intake (9) (19) (23). In moderate drinkers, it was shown to not disturb sleep wake/cycles, as can occur during withdrawal or with other medications that treat dependence (20). In another small study, a single dose of kudzu extract reduced alcohol consumption (25).

Other preliminary studies suggest kudzu may improve symptoms such as hot flushes and night sweats in perimenopausal women (5) (10) (21), and cognitive function in postmenopausal women (6). Although a topical P. mirifica gel improved vaginal symptoms in postmenopausal women, a conjugated estrogen cream was found to be more effective (26). A recent systematic review of P. mirifica regarding efficacy for menopausal symptoms is inconclusive (27). In addition, another systematic review determined that evidence on benefits for any condition with various species of kudzu are limited and unclear (28).

Because human and animal studies suggest some estrogenic effects (5) (10) (11), individuals with hormone-sensitive cancers and those taking tamoxifen should avoid kudzu.

Purported Uses

  • Alcoholism
  • Cold, fever
  • Diabetes
  • Pain
  • Menopause

Mechanism of Action

Anti-inflammatory properties are attributed to decreased prostaglandin E2 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha release, both of which are involved in inflammatory processes (3). The isoflavone tectorigenin demonstrated antiproliferative activity via cell differentiation and reduced expression of Bcl-2, an antiapoptotic protein (1). In animal studies, peurarin may alleviate chronic alcoholic liver injury via inhibition of endotoxin gut-leakage, activation of Kupffer cells, and expression of lipopolysaccharide receptors (22).

In humans, benefits from kudzu on hot flashes, night sweats, and cognitive function are also attributed to isoflavones (5) (6). Puerarin particularly has been credited with influencing alcohol consumption patterns, although the mechanism by which this might occur is unknown (19).

Contraindications

  • Hypersensitivity to kudzu (28)
  • Patients with estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer (5) (10)

Adverse Reactions

In one small study of postmenopausal women, transient negative profiles including anemia and liver profiles (5). Other small studies reported no significant adverse effects (9) (19) (20) (21) (23).

Case reports

Acute interstitial nephritis: In a middle-aged woman who consumed kudzu root juice to promote health and well-being for 10 days, and without evidence of any other causes (29). Symptoms of appetite loss, nausea, vomiting, and epigastric discomfort, improved within several days after discontinuation and conservative treatment.

Liver injury: In a 55-year-old man previously in good health who was hospitalized with mild fever, brown urine, and elevated AST/ALT levels. These adverse effects were attributed to the ingestion of mistletoe and kudzu extracts which he took to promote general health, although it is uncertain whether either, both, or an interaction between the two caused these adverse effects (30).

Herb-Drug Interactions

  • Tamoxifen: Human and animal studies suggest that kudzu has some estrogenic activity (5) (10) (11). Therefore, it may antagonize the effects of tamoxifen, although clinical relevance has yet to be determined.
  • Methotrexate: In animal models, coadministration of a root decoction of kudzu reduced the elimination of methotrexate, resulting in increased methotrexate levels (17).
  • Antidiabetic drugs: Animal models suggest puerarin also has antihyperglycemic effects (14). Clinical relevance has yet to be determined.
  • Cytochrome P450 2D6: In vitro, puerarin inhibited activity of CYP2D6 and can alter the metabolism of drugs that are substrates of this enzyme (15). Clinical relevance has yet to be determined.
  • Cytochrome P450 1A2: In vitro, puerarin induced CYP1A2 and may affect the metabolism of some drugs that are substrates of this enzyme (15). Clinical relevance has yet to be determined.

References

  1. Lee KT, et al. Tectorigenin, an isoflavone of Pueraria thunbergiana Benth., induces differentiation and apoptosis in human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Biol Pharm Bull 2001; 24(10):1117-1121.
  2. Boue SM, et al. Evaluation of the estrogenic effects of legume extracts containing phytoestrogens. J Agric Food Chem 2003; 51(8):2193-2199.
  3. Kim IT, et al. Anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of the extract from Kalopanax pictusPueraria thunbergiana and Rhus verniciflua. J Ethnopharmacol 2004; 94(1):165-173.
  4. Benlhabib E, et al. Kudzu root extract suppresses voluntary alcohol intake and alcohol withdrawal symptoms in P rats receiving free access to water and alcohol. J Med Food 2004; 7(2):168-179.
  5. Lamlertkittikul S and Chandeying V. Efficacy and safety of Pueraria mirifica (Kwao Kruea Khao) for the treatment of vasomotor symptoms in perimenopausal women: Phase II Study. J Med Assoc Thai 2004; 87(1):33-40.
  6. Woo J, et al. Comparison of Pueraria lobata with hormone replacement therapy in treating the adverse health consequences of menopause. Menopause 2003; 10(4):352-361.
  7. Jang MH, et al. Protective effects of puerariaeflos against ethanol-induced apoptosis on human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-MC. Jpn J Pharmacol 2001; 87(4):338-342.
  8. MICROMEDEX(R) Healthcare Series. 120. 2004. Thomson MICROMEDEX.
  9. Lukas SE, et al. An Extract of the Chinese Herbal Root Kudzu Reduces Alcohol Drinking by Heavy Drinkers in a Naturalistic Setting. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005;29(5):756-62.
  10. Chandeying V, Sangthawan M. Efficacy comparison of Pueraria mirifica (PM) against conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) with/without medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) in the treatment of climacteric symptoms in perimenopausal women: phase III study. J Med Assoc Thai. 2007 Sep;90(9):1720-6.
  11. Cherdshewasart W, Sriwatcharakul S, Malaivijitnond S. Variance of estrogenic activity of the phytoestrogen-rich plant. Maturitas. 2008 Dec 20;61(4):350-7.
  12. Penetar DM, Teter CJ, Ma Z, et al. Pharmacokinetic profile of the isoflavone puerarin after acute and repeated administration of a novel kudzu extract to human volunteers. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Jul-Aug;12(6):543-8.
  13. Santosh N, Mohan K, Royana S, Yamini TB. Hepatotoxicity of tubers of Indian Kudzu (Pueraria tuberosa) in rats. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010 Apr;48(4):1066-71.
  14. Hsu FL, Liu IM, Kuo DH, et al. Antihyperglycemic effect of puerarin in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. J Nat Prod. 2003 Jun;66(6):788-92.
  15. Zheng J, Chen B, Jiang B, et al. The effects of puerarin on CYP2D6 and CYP1A2 activities in vivo. Arch Pharm Res. 2010 Feb;33(2):243-6.
  16. Zhu G, Wang X, Chen Y, et al. Puerarin protects dopaminergic neurons against 6-hydroxydopamine neurotoxicity via inhibiting apoptosis and upregulating glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor in a rat model of Parkinson’s disease. Planta Med. 2010 Nov;76(16):1820-6.
  17. Chiang HM, Fang SH, Wen KC, et al. Life-threatening interaction between the root extract of Pueraria lobata and methotrexate in rats. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2005 Dec 15;209(3):263-8.
  18. Xing G, Dong M, Li X, et al. Neuroprotective effects of puerarin against beta-amyloid-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells via a PI3K-dependent signaling pathway. Brain Res Bull. 2011 May 30;85(3-4):212-8.
  19. Penetar DM, Toto LH, Farmer SL, et al. The isoflavone puerarin reduces alcohol intake in heavy drinkers: A pilot study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Nov 1;126(1-2):251-6.
  20. Bracken BK, Penetar DM, Maclean RR, Lukas SE. Kudzu root extract does not perturb the sleep/wake cycle of moderate drinkers. J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Oct;17(10):961-6.
  21. Virojchaiwong P, Suvithayasiri V, Itharat A. Comparison of Pueraria mirifica 25 and 50 mg for menopausal symptoms. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2011 Aug;284(2):411-9.
  22. Peng J, Cui T, Huang F, et al. Puerarin Ameliorates Experimental Alcoholic Liver Injury by Inhibition of Endotoxin Gut-leakage, kupffer Cell Activation and Lipopolysaccharide Receptors Expression. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2013 Mar;344(3):646-54.
  23. Lukas SE, Penetar D, Su Z, et al. A standardized kudzu extract (NPI-031) reduces alcohol consumption in nontreatment-seeking male heavy drinkers. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2013 Mar;226(1):65-73.
  24. Jo SJ, Shin H, Paik SH, et al. Efficacy and Safety of Pueraria lobata Extract in Gray Hair Prevention: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study. Ann Dermatol. 2013 May;25(2):218-22.
  25. Penetar DM, Toto LH, Lee DY, et al. A single dose of kudzu extract reduces alcohol consumption in a binge drinking paradigm. Drug Alcohol Depend. Aug 1 2015;153:194-200.
  26. Suwanvesh N, Manonai J, Sophonsritsuk A, et al. Comparison of Pueraria mirifica gel and conjugated equine estrogen cream effects on vaginal health in postmenopausal women. Menopause. Feb 2017;24(2):210-215.
  27. Kongkaew C, Scholfield NC, Dhippayom T, et al. Efficacy and safety of Pueraria candollei var. mirifica (Airy Shaw & Suvat.) Niyomdham for menopausal women: A systematic review of clinical trials and the way forward. J Ethnopharmacol. Apr 24 2018;216:162-174.
  28. Ulbricht C, Costa D, Dam C, et al. An evidence-based systematic review of kudzu (Pueraria lobata) by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration. J Diet Suppl. Mar 2015;12(1):36-104.
  29. Jung JM, Kwon SH, Noh H, et al. Acute interstitial nephritis following kudzu root juice ingestion. Clin Nephrol. Oct 2013;80(4):298-300.
  30. Kim HJ, Kim H, Ahn JH, et al. Liver injury induced by herbal extracts containing mistletoe and kudzu. J Altern Complement Med. Mar 2015;21(3):180-185.

Back to top 

Email your questions and comments to aboutherbs@mskcc.org.

Last Updated

Thursday, November 14, 2019

Diva Caring: Fur Baby Research…

I have a deliciously snooty hound dog named Winston who is now 16 years old and showing the signs of aging.  He is still happy and demanding but I watch him carefully as we all do our fur babies.  Here is a cite I found with some helpful hints.  I don’t endorse anything,I merely find information to pass along.  Namaste, The Queen Cronista…
Mistakes to avoid with your dogs Dr. Marty Goldstein
Do you know the one color of dog food you should never buy?
Or why dogs sometimes chew grass?
Or what it really means when your dog eats poop?
According to Dr. Marty Goldstein — one of America’s top veterinarians — these are examples of innocent mistakes almost all dog owners make when caring for their dog.
Research suggests that it’s putting many dogs at risk of serious health issues. And news of this has caught the attention of the media.
“It’s an epidemic. Over half of all dogs over 10 years old will get cancer,” says Dr. Goldstein. “That number has doubled since I graduated veterinary school 40 years ago. But if you know the warning signs, you may hopefully catch it.”
According to Goldstein — who has appeared on TV shows has over 40 years of experience with dogs of every shape and size — certain dog foods contain a dangerous chemical that can wreak havoc on our dogs’ bodies.This, in turn, leads to joint problems, smelly breath and poop, weight gain, itching, allergies, and even early death.
Fortunately, by learning the warning signs of danger, Dr. Goldstein has seen thousands of dogs improve their health. Dr. Goldstein actually discovered this trick — which anybody can do, right in their home — while working with his own Golden Retriever, Daniel. Daniel lived to be 19 ½ years old… over twice as long as most golden retrievers.
“It’s easy, and you don’t need to change your dog’s food. It only takes about two minutes a day,” Dr. Goldstein said on a call with reporters and industry experts.
Now, for the first time ever, Dr. Goldstein has created a short video where he explains everything about the true cause of canine health issues, including how people can naturally help their dogs stay healthy, on their own, right from home.
So far, the reviews have been stunning, with some viewers saying their dogs’ health improved in a matter of weeks or even days.
One viewer commented: “This is amazing! If you want your dog to live a long time, smell better, and be happy, these tips are a godsend. So easy and so important.”
Dr. Marty Goldstein https://thecaninecode.com/index191219B.php?n=adb